Stories from a new resource kit highlight what a small group of people can achieve in supporting people with mental health issues in the Inner City.
EDITED BY CHARMAINE JONES
In the early 2000s the Northcott Public Housing Estate in Surry Hills had a reputation as a dumping ground for people with mental health and drug and alcohol issues. The community saw a need for cross-collaboration between agencies and themselves. A collective group of likeminded organisations and individuals created a forum which not only viewed best practice around mental health recovery, but provided a voice, not only to mental health consumers, but to their neighbours, friends, families and carers.
In 2006 Douglas Holmes, Consumer Participation Officer for the Inner City Health Program lead the ground work for St Vincent’s Hospital becoming a signatory to the Northcott World Health Organisation accreditation as a Safe Community and the same year Douglas chaired the inaugural Inner City Mental Health Recovery Working Group.
The group developed ways of raising awareness and reducing stigma in relation to mental health. This approach is directed at promoting good mental health, preventing mental ill health and ensuring early intervention when mental health problems occur. It involved looking beyond prevention or management of illness, to the relationship between mental wellbeing and physical health, and people’s connections with the community.
The group still meets monthly and consists of tenants, mental health consumers, and representatives from different service and government agencies, representatives from Housing NSW, St Vincent’s Mental Health team, St Vincents Community Health team, City of Sydney, Personal Helpers and Mentors (PHaMS), Neami, Mercy Arms, The Factory Community Centre, Inner Sydney Regional Council for Social Development, the Alex Greenwich’s electoral office, Surry Hills Public Tenant Association and South Sydney Community Aid.
Each year, the group has developed events and projects to improve the lives of mental health consumers and the community as a whole. Activities have included Mental Health First Aid courses, the Looking Forward Looking Back Mental Health forums, Yo-Yo au Go-Go (Recovery is full of ups and downs, a yo-yo-ing day which saw 300 people turn-out in support of mental health recovery) and ‘Keep Your Marbles’ day as a Mental Health month promotional event.
Whilst the group itself is completely un-funded and none of the participants come to the table with specific funds, having such a diverse group of people around the table results in a breadth and depth of knowledge, skills and resources that would be otherwise impossible to find.
In 2012, The Inner City Mental Health Working Group received a NSW Mental Health Matters award. The awards are designed to recognise the achievements of individuals and organisations who have worked to improve understanding, awareness, service provision and the general mental health of our community, over the past 12 months. The group has a Facebook page: www.facebook.com/ICMHRWG
The Cadre Project
In 2011 St Vincent’s Hospital Inner City Health Program was successful in applying for funding from the Lord Mayor Clover Moore MP Salary Trust to develop the Inner City Cadre Project on behalf of the Inner City Mental Health Recovery Working Group. The Inner City Health Program partnered with Mind Australia, a Federal Government funded not for profit organisation with the aim of supporting people’s mental health recovery in a community context to train and roll the Cadre project out in Sydney.
The Cadre Project had its origins in Indonesia following an invitation in 2007 by Dr Yessi, Director of Provincial Health for the province of Aceh, to Anthony Stratford, Senior Training & Development Officer, Mind Australia, to conduct training in Banda Aceh, Indonesia. Banda Aceh is the only providence in Indonesia with a community mental health program. Stratford’s role was to train villagers or mental health cadres that are attached to each of the providences’ 382 primary health care centres or puskesmas.
The cadre’s role, in some ways is similar to Neighbourhood Watch, was to support and watch out for people who have returned home from hospital or who are becoming unwell and need to see a professional in the primary health care centre.
The project consists of a mental health support program that trains and supports communities (including individuals with mental health problems and disorders and their carers) to help care for each other. To date Public Housing community in Surry Hills, Woolloomooloo, Glebe, Ultimo, Waterloo, Potts Point and Redfern have participated in the program. (for details on the programme see box)
Understanding the Cadre Project
A cadre can be understood as a small group of people specially trained for a particular purpose. The most enduring feature of a cadre is that they either live in or have a special relationship within the community that they operate.
The aims of the Inner City Cadre Project include the following:
- Establish an inner city cadre network
- Educate and support cadres as community members to reduce stigma linked with mental health issues
- Assist people with a mental health problems and disorders
- Benefit Housing Department communities that include consumers, carers, neighbours and service providers in the inner city
- Develop coping and support strategies for mental health consumers and their supporters, carers and neighbours
- Contribute to positive change in the community with regards to being good neighbours
The Role of a Cadre
The role of a cadre can be best summed up as a community group that operates to effect positive mental health and community outcomes. A cadre member can best be understood as someone who:
- Looks out for people in distress to get them help
- Sorts out problems and helps neighbours
- Cares for someone who has a mental illness
- Understands and can communicate how to maintain good mental health
- Is a community leader or spokesperson
- Provides support for people with a mental health issues
- Understands and helps to facilitate the concept of recovery to their neighbour
It is important to distinguish what is not part of the scope of cadre’s activities as well as to be clear about what constitutes a cadre’s area of responsibility.
The challenge for the cadre is to be aware of community issues or problems, to act as a resource and a reference point for individuals with mental health problems and have an understanding of the agencies or services that might be able to address them. Facilitating solutions or linking supports best sums up a cadre’s role. At the same time cadres are not responsible for anyone’s problems or for resolving them.
While the consumer movement and the recovery framework has informed the philosophy of the Cadre Project since its inception it is important to stress that cadre members do not need to have had a “lived experience” of mental health issues or function as a support worker. Some things that would lie outside cadre’s boundary lines might include the following:
- Paid work
- De facto mental health work
- Offers medication counselling or treatment
- Provides a crisis intervention service or support
The City of Sydney Narrative Resource
The aim of the City of Sydney Narratives Project was to encourage people affected by mental health issues, alcohol or drug dependency, people with social disadvantage, young people at risk and homeless people across the Inner City to gain the skills to tell their stories. As well as contributing to the Deck of Dreams, people who accessed the Inner City Health Program were also able to learn digital media, video making and web publishing skills.
This project was also funded by the Clover Moore Trust Fund with the support of St Vincent’s Hospital and the Inner City Mental Health Recovery Working Group.
The City of Sydney Narratives Box and online resource at cosnp.info presents this material to tell the story of the Inner City Mental Health Recovery Working Group, the Cadre Project and the project participants. The resource contains stories and films, images from the Deck of Dreams, quotes and information about how people have collaborated across the City. It reflects over seven years of successful partnering and creative excellence.
The Deck of Dreams
Jen Lee from the Day to Day Living Program at the Wayside Chapel had a dream. “Imagine a world where the focus is not a person’s illness or history, but a person’s dreams and purpose”.
The Deck of Dreams has now become a wonderful reality, with the artworks beautifully produced into a deck of cards to be kept or passed on, spreading positivity and lightness around a subject that is too often treated as deeply sombre and depressing.
Of the Deck, Jen says “You will share in 52 people’s dreams and learn about their experiences. The more people that share their mental health experiences, the more lives could be saved”. And with one in five Australians experiencing mental health issues in their lifetime and suicide being one of the leading causes of premature death amongst this group (SANE 2008), Jen’s vision is to connect people to the part of them that wants to live.
If the Deck of Dreams’ purpose was to inspire dream creation, there is no doubt it has been successful. It has become so successful; Jen is already being approached to implement the project interstate.
The article has been edited from stories in the City of Sydney Narratives Project by Charmaine Jones, Executive Officer ISRC.
Originally published in Inner Sydney Voice Issue 119 Autumn 2014
The materials in the box can be viewed online at http://cosnp.info.
Below you will find some examples of the cards which appeared on the inside front cover of the Autumn 2014 ISV; Printed cards can be purchased from Jen at www.mindgarden.me.